Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common refractive error. If you have myopia, you can see objects up close clearly, but objects in the distance will be blurry. Fortunately, the professionals at Warm Springs Optometric Group in Fremont CA can provide treatment options to allow you to see clearly.
Myopia often runs in families. If one parent has this refractive error, you have a good chance of having it as well. If both parents have myopia, your chance increases greatly. Myopia is present at birth, and it worsens during childhood and adolescence.
Symptoms of Myopia
Myopia can cause several symptoms. The symptoms in adults include:
- Blurry vision when looking at objects in the distance.
- Needing to squint to see objects in the distance more clearly.
- Headaches due to eye strain
- Trouble driving at night
Myopia is often detected during childhood. The symptoms in children include:
- Sitting too close to the TV
- Excessive blinking
- Frequent eye rubbing
- Persistent squinting
- Being unaware of objects in the distance
Myopia is diagnosed during an eye exam. Your eye doctor will have you read the letters on the Snellen chart. They will also perform a refraction to determine the severity of your refractive error and to determine your eyeglass prescription.
There are several treatment options available for myopia. You can choose the one that you feel will be the most convenient based on your lifestyle.
- Eyeglasses: Eyeglasses are the most common treatment option. Your eye doctor will have lenses made based on your prescription that is fit in the eyeglass frame of your choice.
- Contact lenses: Contact lenses are common in people who want a more natural appearance. Many people prefer contacts because they won't have an eyeglass frame or dirty lenses obstructing their vision. In addition, athletes find contacts more convenient than sports goggles. If you choose contacts, you will need a pair of eyeglasses to wear as a backup.
- Ortho-K: Ortho-K, also known as orthokeratology, are special contact lenses. These lenses are worn at night. While you sleep, the contacts, gently reshape your cornea. When you remove the lenses in the morning, you will be able to see clearly. Many studies have shown that Ortho-K lenses can slow or stop the progression of myopia in children. It is also a great option if you are a poor candidate for Lasik.
- LASIK eye surgery: Lasik is a laser surgical procedure that reshapes your cornea, correcting your refractive error. It takes just a day for you to start seeing clearly. When you have this procedure performed, you won't need to rely on glasses or contact lenses to see clearly.
Contact Our Optometrist for Eye Care in Fremont, CA
If you are having trouble seeing objects in the distance, schedule an appointment with Warm Springs Optometric Group. Our optometrist will perform a complete eye care exam to determine if you have myopia. For more information or to schedule an appointment, call us today at (510) 490-0287.