Nearsightedness, know as Myopia, is one of the most common vision problems. Myopia control therapy is where our eye care professionals, Dr. Fauria & Dr. Pirrone, help slow down & in many cases stop the progression of myopia in children.
How many people are struggling with nearsightedness?
Myopia, has increased by 66 percent since 1970-1971 according to a National Eye Institute (NEI) study that compared rates of myopia in the USA with a survey conducted 1994-2004. The rate of myopia rose from 25 percent of participants to 41.6 percent. According to Susan Vitale, NEI epidemiologist of ocular diseases and vision disorders who led the studies, “The good news about myopia is that it is easy to treat.”
Nearsighted people have difficulty reading signs and clearly seeing distant objects, but they can see up-close tasks such as reading or sewing, just fine.
Myopia Signs and Symptoms
Nearsighted people report headaches or eyestrain more often, and they squint or feel fatigued while driving or during sports. If the symptoms persist while wearing glasses or contact lenses, the corrective prescription may need adjustment.
What Causes Myopia?
Myopia occurs when the eyeball is slightly misshapen, longer than usual, from front to back. This causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina, rather than directly on the surface.
Nearsightedness runs in families and usually begins during childhood. This vision problem may stabilize at a certain point, although it also may worsen with age.
Nearsightedness is generally corrected with glasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery. Depending on the degree of myopia, you may need eyeglasses or lenses all the time, or only when sharper distance vision, like driving, or viewing a chalkboard, movie etc., is desired.
Glasses or contact lenses will not slow down myopia - eyesight gets weaker with age. Therefore, getting an early start at myopia control is key to retaining stronger, sharper vision. Those with larger prescriptions are at a greater risk of developing eye conditions or ocular disease.
If your glasses or contact lens prescription begins with a minus number, e.g: -2.00, you are nearsighted.
Adults can rely on LASIK surgery as an option, but the only alternative for children would be Myopia Control, or in certain cases, Orthokeratology.
Orthokeratology is a non-surgical procedure where special rigid gas permeable (GP) contact lenses are used to slowly reshape the cornea during sleep. After the lenses are removed the cornea retains the new shape. The patient can see clearly during the day without wearing glasses or contact lenses.